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CNN - Web development software: Tools of the trade - 29 Oct 2016 08:26


[[html]]<img src="" width="241" height="16" border="0" alt="COMPUTING"/><br clear="ALL"/><br><br>July 2, 1999<br><br>Web posted at: 5:13 p.m. EDT (2113 GMT)<br><br>by Paul Ferrill <br><br>From…<br><br><img src="" alt="Federal Computer Week" border="0" height="42" width="113"/><br><br>(IDG) — It's a modern-day equivalent of the chicken-and-egg riddle: Do most agencies have their own World Wide Web sites because tools have been developed to make it easy to design attractive Web sites? Or were the tools developed to serve the growing popularity of the Web? <br><br>Whatever the answer may be, the fact remains: Webmasters in government no longer have to struggle with editing Hypertext Markup Language pages in word processors. Generating attractive and functional Web pages, complete with Dynamic HTML and JavaScript elements, can be about as easy as creating a text document. <br><br>This review looks at five Web publishing tools that offer capabilities that early Web page designers could only dream about. Our primary focus in evaluating each of the products was threefold: How easy does the product make it to create Web pages? What database connectivity does the product offer? And what site-management tools come with the product? <br><br>Several of the products really shine in regard to database connectivity. Others stand out in creating visually appealing pages but are not suited for the beginning Web designer. Choosing the right tool will depend on the application and the users. <br><br>The contenders <br><br>Microsoft Corp.'s FrontPage 2000 was the strongest product we tested in the three focal areas. NetObjects Inc.'s NetObjects Fusion 4.0 was a distant second but did well in page creation and site management. Allaire Corp.'s ColdFusion Studio 4.0 is strong in database connectivity but a little weak in other areas. Macromedia Inc.'s Dreamweaver 2.0 is the most capable product for page creation but has capabilities that require an experienced Web developer to fully leverage. SoftQuad Software Inc.'s HotMetal Pro 5.0 provides a few capabilities not found in any of the other programs but does not match up to the rest in the focus areas. <br><br>ColdFusion Studio 4.0 <br><br>Mention "ColdFusion" and many people will think of the Web server add-on or ColdFusion Markup Language (CFML). But the ColdFusion line is much broader than that. <br><br>If all you want to do is build Web pages, you can use ColdFusion Studio. But if you want to implement server-side features such as interacting with databases and using forms, you will need the ColdFusion server. A single-user version of the server comes with ColdFusion Studio, but that really only suffices for site design. If you want to deploy the pages, you will need the ColdFusion Enterprise Server. <br><br>Installing ColdFusion Studio is a simple process of inserting the CD-ROM and answering a series of questions. Two installations are required for the Web development environment and the server. Still, the product was installed in less than 20 minutes with no problems. <br><br>While several of the other Web publishing tools in this review focus on delivering visually compelling pages, ColdFusion Studio is geared toward making it easier to build sophisticated, form-based, interactive Web pages. Still, the sheer number of buttons, tabs and options was a little overwhelming at first. <br><br>Among ColdFusion's most attractive features are its shared project management and client/server utilities. Individual proj-ects store the information about all the pages for a particular site and allow you to deploy an entire Web site with a single command. A Site View tab provides an organizational chart view of the structure of a project. A Verify Links function enables you to check for broken references. <br><br>ColdFusion includes source control commands for application development such as file check-in/check-out, version maintenance and project management. The only catch is that ColdFusion relies on an external program, such as Microsoft's Visual SourceSafe, Merant International Ltd.'s PVCS or StarBase Corp.'s Versions to do the real work. <br><br>ColdFusion shines the brightest in the creation of sophisticated database-driven Web pages. Building Web pages using CFML in conjunction with a ColdFusion server offers a viable alternative to traditional client/server application development. The IDE provides all the tools you need to create forms using all the standard elements, such as buttons, grids, list boxes, text boxes, tree controls and tables. <br><br>Complex queries using Structured Query Language (SQL) are a snap to build and test using the Visual Query Builder. Combining user input with a predefined query makes it easy to build pages that let users select the data they want to see from a database. There also is an interactive debugger that makes developing and debugging complex, data-driven Web pages possible. <br><br>ColdFusion is clearly the most capable package we tested when it comes to developing database-driven Web-based applications. While it does not include a built-in source-code-control facility, it does provide many solid site-management functions. About the only shortcoming of the product is in page creation. Compared with NetObjects' Fusion or Microsoft's FrontPage, ColdFusion's page-creation process is about a generation behind. Operations such as positioning an image anywhere you want on a page - as you would with a desktop publishing program - are not supported. And you do not have the same level of control over elements such as buttons and animated images that a program such as Dreamweaver provides. <br><br>Still, if you need a tool to build Web pages that interact with an external database, you will want to give ColdFusion a good look. <br><br>Dreamweaver 2.0 <br><br>Macromedia's Dreamweaver 2.0 probably is the most adept of the programs reviewed at creating visually stimulating Web pages. The product supports Cascading Style Sheets (CSS) - a proposed industry standard for defining the layout and style of HTML pages - along with Dynamic HTML and JavaScript. Those features, along with the ability to integrate with Macromedia products including Director, Fireworks and Flash, make it a powerful tool in the hands of an accomplished Web designer. <br><br>The power of the product, however, comes at the expense of simplicity. Anyone new to the Web publishing game will require some time to get up to speed with Dreamweaver. <br><br>Creating Web pages with Dreamweaver is a lot like building a page in a high-end desktop publishing package. Dreamweaver gives you complete control over image location, text layout and visual effects. Template files make it easy to create pages with a consistent look and feel. <br><br>Dreamweaver contains many features that make a Web designer's job much easier. A floating toolbar makes it possible to drag and drop elements onto a Web page. Adding objects involves selecting the icon for an image, table, form element, rollover image or plug-in and dropping it on the screen. A box in the status bar at the bottom of the main screen shows you how long the page will take to download by end users at the default connection speed. <br><br>Dreamweaver's Site Map view shows the local site as a visual map of linked icons. The map makes it easy to add new files or to add, modify or remove links. A file check-in/check-out feature forces users into a configuration-management scheme that keeps master copies of your site on a remote server while users make changes offline. The same feature makes it easy to see when someone else is working on a file. <br><br>One of Dreamweaver's most useful features lets users perform global search-and-replace operations across all files in an entire site. You can even search for HTML tags and attributes if you want to change how your site looks. Several utilities help you check for and fix broken links as well as test your site for cross-browser compatibility. <br><br>Connecting to external databases is not one of Dreamweaver's strong points. In fact, the basic product has no built-in database connectivity options at all. Several options exist in the form of add-ons from the installation CD-ROM. One of those options allows you to connect to a ColdFusion server and exchange data that way. Macromedia also has announced an agreement with Oracle Corp. to provide the ability to exchange data with the Oracle8i Web-based database system. <br><br>In short, if you are most concerned with creating beautiful Web pages quickly, Dreamweaver is your program. It takes some time to learn, but once you have mastered the nuances of the program, you are ready to create pages that keep visitors returning. If you need database connectivity features, however, you might want to look at one of the other packages in this review. <br><br>FrontPage 2000 <br><br>When Microsoft enters a new market category, the product tends to follow a clear path from bit player to top bill. Such is the case with FrontPage. <br><br>FrontPage 98 is a market leader in terms of sales, despite being the frequent target of criticism from professional Web developers. FrontPage 2000 delivers new enhancements and refinements that will no doubt extend Microsoft's lead in the Web publishing market. <br><br>FrontPage comes as a stand-alone product or bundled with Office 2000. Either way, the installation process is essentially the same. An auto-running CD-ROM launches the installation program after you insert it in the drive. The only additional task after completing the installation process is to load the FrontPage extensions for your Web server. FrontPage 2000 no longer requires these extensions in order to publish Web pages to the server, but they offer some additional functionality if they are installed. <br><br>Microsoft has made the page-creation process much smoother with this version of FrontPage. The software's uncluttered interface makes it extremely easy for a novice to create functional Web pages in a short time. We especially like the way toolbars appropriate to specific objects, such as the image-editing functions, appear only when you select the object. <br><br>FrontPage 2000 ships with 60 predesigned themes that provide a consistent look and feel across all pages in a Web site, and you can easily customize any of the themes. One of the complaints about earlier versions of FrontPage was that it modified HTML files that were not created within the program. FrontPage 2000, however, preserves imported HTML files intact. <br><br>Managing large Web sites has been a strong feature of FrontPage since the early versions. FrontPage 2000 is no exception, with new features supporting group collaboration, file check-in/check-out, workflow reports for managing team development and seamless integration with other Microsoft management tools. <br><br>FrontPage 2000 automatically checks for broken links. When any Web page or graphic is moved or renamed, FrontPage automatically fixes the links to it. An Edit Hyperlink dialog box makes it possible to change a specific link on an individual or group of selected pages. <br><br>Another strength of FrontPage 2000 is its ability to build dynamic Web pages that interact with external databases. The best interaction is with other Microsoft database products, such as Access and SQL Server, but you can connect to any Open Database Connectivity-compliant data source. We found especially useful the new one-button database publishing feature, which lets you create an Access database from within FrontPage. <br><br>One new feature of FrontPage 2000 is the ability to create a Web page built dynamically from a database query each time the page is entered or refreshed. Microsoft uses Active Server Pages to drive this feature, so you'll need a server that supports ASP server-side scripting. The Database Results Wizard makes the creation of database queries quick and painless. The only catch is that the resulting Web page will only run on a Web server that supports ASPs. <br><br>FrontPage 2000 offers special appeal to anyone using the Microsoft Office suite, thanks to its tight integration. But even for non-Office users, FrontPage is an easy-to-use and powerful option. <br><br>NetObjects Fusion 4.0 <br><br>NetObjects Fusion 4.0 is one of the easier-to-use Web publishing tools tested in this review. New users can get up to speed in a short time building useful and aesthetically pleasing sites. Available database connectivity options provide a basic capability for generating dynamic Web pages from an external source. <br><br>Creating Web pages with Fusion was a pleasure. NetObjects went to a lot of trouble to make the page-creation process as straightforward as possible. The tools for creating consistent navigation and page layout were intuitive and easy to use. <br><br>However, ease of use does not mean lack of control over the details of how a page looks. Fusion gives you complete control over placing frames, images, tables and text exactly where you want them. <br><br>It also makes it easy to do things such as crop or resize an image once you have placed it on a page. <br><br>Fusion includes templates for creating basic Internet and intranet Web sites. You also can create a new Web site based on an existing site locally or from the Internet. It is also easy to modify an existing style to adapt it to individual tastes. <br><br>The first thing you see in Fusion when you choose to create a new site is the site view. All pages in your Web site appear as symbols in a structure that resembles an organizational chart. You also can use a Microsoft Internet Explorer-like view, with pages listed in a small panel to the left and contents displayed in the main panel. Adding pages to the site is as easy as clicking on the New button. To alter the site structure, simply click on a page or group of pages and then drag and drop them where you want. <br><br>Publishing a site to a production server is another simple task. Once you fill out the Preferences tab describing how to connect to your server, simply click on the Publish button. An Explorer-like list displays when each page was published locally and remotely. About the only thing Fusion is lacking in the site-management area is a tool for managing source control of large projects. <br><br>Fusion ships with two add-on options for connecting to an external database using Allaire's ColdFusion server or Microsoft's Internet Information Server. The Cold-Fusion Connector Wizard makes it easy to build dynamically populated lists, create data-entry forms and display results from database queries. You will need a ColdFusion server running locally or remotely to service the pages you build. <br><br>Connecting to a Microsoft IIS server is a snap with the ASP connector. Unfortunately, you only will be able to create pages that display lists of database information as an HTML table or a single record at a time of user-defined fields. Anything more complicated than that will require an external development environment, such as Microsoft's Visual Interdev. Using the ASP connector, you can generate a simple table listing the contents of an Access database file on an IIS server in less than 10 minutes. <br><br>NetObjects Fusion was, in short, a pleasant surprise in a crowded field of contenders. The page-layout and link-checking features make it possible to develop solid Web sites in a short time. With support for ASP and ColdFusion servers, you should have a couple of options for connecting to outside data. Overall, this program is worthy of consideration. <br><br>HotMetal Pro 5.0 <br><br>HotMetal Pro 5.0 from SoftQuad is the least-expensive product that we tested. The low price does not mean a shortage of features, however. HotMetal Pro 5.0 includes templates and wizards for quick Web site creation along with site-management and administration tools for managing large projects. The product is not without its faults, though; the program crashed multiple times. <br><br>The installation process was relatively painless. HotMetal Pro does require that Microsoft's ODBC manager be installed if you want to use the Database Import Wizard. Fortunately, the CD-ROM includes the ODBC setup files. The basic installation process installs a copy of the HotMetal personal server. Personal server is a scaled-down version of SoftQuad's application server that supports the proprietary Miva scripting language. <br><br>Generating a site from scratch is a breeze with the Site Maker Wizard. The wizard offers three types of basic sites: business, intranet and personal. After you answer all of the wizard's questions, it creates a project with all the files required for the new site. You then edit each page to customize it for your purposes. <br><br>One nice feature of HotMetal Pro is the ability to open files in different formats and include them in a Web site. Supported file formats include Word, WordPerfect, Ami Pro, Rich Text Format and CSS documents. Saving a file converts the original into HTML format. <br><br>HotMetal Pro has tools to help you manage your site. The project screen displays all the files associated with a particular project. A Page Links window shows how the different pages link together in a graphical screen and enables you to make changes using a drag-and-drop approach. The Site Doctor dialog box activates when you make a change on the Page Links window and takes care of fixing links affected by moving files around. <br><br>HotMetal Pro offers several ways to extract data from a database and present it on a Web page. <br><br>One method is to use the Insert Database Table menu option. Selecting this menu item displays a Database Import Wizard enabling you to connect to data stored in an Access database, an Excel spreadsheet, an ASCII text file or any ODBC-compliant data source. The only drawback is that this approach creates a Web page as a static snapshot of the data, so you have to re-create the page if the source data changes.<br><br>Ferrill, based at Edwards Air Force Base, Calif., is a principal engineer with Avionics Test &amp; Analysis Corp. He can be reached at ten.flug.bwf|llirrefp#ten.flug.bwf|llirrefp.<br><br>RELATED STORIES:<br><br>Software support lags Windows 2000 effort<br><br>June 15, 1999<br><br>Software pirates go slow<br><br>June 1, 1999<br><br>Big software struggles with open source<br><br>April 12, 1999<br><br>RELATED STORIES:<br><br>How we tested Web development tools<br><br>(FCW)<br><br>PDF chart comparing Web development tools<br><br>(FCW)<br><br>XML and Java: A powerful combination<br><br>(JavaWorld)<br><br>Spotlight on skills: Internet/Web<br><br>(InfoWorld)<br><br>XML delivers on its promise<br><br>(CIO)<br><br>The top 50: Leaders of the Web pack strut their stuff<br><br>(CIO)<br><br>Year 2000 World<br><br>(<br><br>Note: Pages will open in a new browser window<br><br>External sites are not endorsed by CNN Interactive.<br><br>RELATED SITES:<br><br>Allaire: ColdFusion 4.0<br><br>Macromedia Dreamweaver<br><br>Microsoft FrontPage<br><br>NetObjects, Inc.<br><br>SoftQuad Software Inc., HoTMetaL PRO 5.0 <br><br>Note: Pages will open in a new browser window<br><br>External sites are not endorsed by CNN Interactive.[[/html]] - Comments: 0

Rich Web Applications: the business benefits of Web-enabled application development. - 27 Oct 2016 18:01


[[html]]MANAGEMENT SUMMARY<br><br>CATALYST&#13;<br><br>&#13;<br><br>Rich Web Applications (RWAs) are browser-based, Rich Internet&#13;<br><br>Applications (RIAs). They exploit new Application Programming Interfaces&#13;<br><br>(APIs) in browsers that allow users to interact with a page on the Web&#13;<br><br>as they would a desktop application. The conjunction of RWA, Web 2.0 for&#13;<br><br>business (or Enterprise Web 2.0), and evolutionary changes in IT&#13;<br><br>infrastructure like Service Oriented Architecture (SOA), are creating&#13;<br><br>new opportunities for business. Note on terminology: The IT industry&#13;<br><br>uses the terms RIA and RWA interchangeably; however, we make a technical&#13;<br><br>distinction in this Report. RIA applies to any client-server system connected by the Internet, whereas RWA covers a sub-set of RIA that is&#13;<br><br>World Wide Web browser-based.&#13;<br><br>&#13;<br><br>Key Findings&#13;<br><br>&#13;<br><br>* RIA will be the default mode in application development as the&#13;<br><br>Internet further progresses its transition from technology to part of&#13;<br><br>the fabric of everyday society.&#13;<br><br>&#13;<br><br>* RWA and Web 2.0 ideas are being transferred to Enterprise Web&#13;<br><br>2.0, opening up new business opportunities, such as rapid business&#13;<br><br>process development and reuse.&#13;<br><br>&#13;<br><br>* Security deficiencies mean that mixing Web services (or mashing)&#13;<br><br>in Enterprise Web 2.0-type applications cannot yet extend safely beyond&#13;<br><br>the firewall.&#13;<br><br>&#13;<br><br>* Currently, businesses need separate security policies for&#13;<br><br>Internet and Intranet Web services. Intranet Web services must never be&#13;<br><br>risked beyond the firewall and therefore need to be governed.&#13;<br><br>&#13;<br><br><object width="400" height="241"><param name="movie" value=""></param><param name="allowFullScreen" value="true"></param><param name="allowscriptaccess" value="always"></param><embed src="" type="application/x-shockwave-flash" allowscriptaccess="always" allowfullscreen="true" width="400" height="241"></embed></object><br><br>* The progress of SOA and Business Process Management (BPM) into<br><br>the enterprise will require presentation-layer applications, for which<br><br>RWA are ideal.<br><br>* RIA will feed into other areas of IT, so that Web-enabled IT&#13;<br><br>products will have richer user interfaces; for example, in Business&#13;<br><br>Intelligence.&#13;<br><br>&#13;<br><br>* Software-as-a-Service (SaaS) will be given a significant&#13;<br><br>technology enhancement by RWA, making it more attractive to customers.&#13;<br><br>&#13;<br><br>* RWAs are now on the boundary between early adopter and early&#13;<br><br>mainstream stages.&#13;<br><br>&#13;<br><br>The Internet is transforming society and business. The current wave&#13;<br><br>of this technology revolution, called Web 2.0, followed the initial wave&#13;<br><br>(Web 1.0) that collapsed with the boom and bust. Today,&#13;<br><br>'always-on', pervasive broadband is making access to the&#13;<br><br>Internet easy enough for it to be no longer considered as a&#13;<br><br>'technology' but a part of the fabric of modern living, like&#13;<br><br>the telephone or television. The key advantages of using the Internet&#13;<br><br>can be summed up as 'always on and everywhere', reachable from&#13;<br><br>mobile devices, laptops, and desktop machines.&#13;<br><br>&#13;<br><br>Innovations in modern browsers allowed vendors to build the first&#13;<br><br>RWA: applications which could split the application logic between&#13;<br><br>presentation logic that runs on the client-side and business logic and&#13;<br><br>data models that run on the server-side. The rich Web application User&#13;<br><br>Interface (UI) is as 'rich' as in desktop applications, and&#13;<br><br>runs in the browser using a combination of languages. One of the&#13;<br><br>pioneering vendorsAdaptive Systemscalled this approach Asynchronous JavaScript And XML (AJAXalthough the preferred naming culture is now&#13;<br><br>just Ajax). All modern browsers support JavaScript and this means that&#13;<br><br>with Ajax there is just a small JavaScript rendering engine which is&#13;<br><br>downloaded and held in memory while the application is running.&#13;<br><br>&#13;<br><br>Today, additional technologies compete with Ajax to provide a&#13;<br><br>similar concept of desktop-like behaviour, but with superior multimedia&#13;<br><br>capabilitiesbrowser plug-ins such as Adobe Flash Player and, the&#13;<br><br>recent entrant to the market, Microsoft Silverlight. In addition, RWA&#13;<br><br>solutions are also possible with the Java platform and with Microsoft&#13;<br><br>.NET Framework version 3.&#13;<br><br>&#13;<br><br>Business Issues&#13;<br><br>&#13;<br><br>The Web is increasingly important for business. A measure of how&#13;<br><br>business has turned to this medium is revealed by the latest advertising&#13;<br><br>expenditure figures. They show that for the first time, on-line&#13;<br><br>advertising in the UK has exceeded that of national newspapers, at&#13;<br><br>UK[pounds sterling]2 billion. It is also the fastest growing at 41%,&#13;<br><br>when TV, the highest sector, is showing a small decline. This level of&#13;<br><br>advertising is rewarding UK business with on-line retail revenue&#13;<br><br>earnings of UK[pounds sterling]3.6 billion in 2006 (according to IMRG).&#13;<br><br>Furthermore, the Web is almost the equal to TV in holding on to&#13;<br><br>peoples' time, making it the place to reach out to new and existing&#13;<br><br>consumers. This business activity is just one indication of why the Web&#13;<br><br>is important for business. Businesses need to devise a Web strategy, and&#13;<br><br>the question of using RWA, as well as experimenting with Web 2.0&#13;<br><br>concepts, should be part of the consideration process. The implications&#13;<br><br>of RWA for business are multi-fold and can be summarised as follows:&#13;<br><br>&#13;<br><br>* Internal use of RWA for providing the presentation layer to SOA.<br><br>* Internal use of RWA for providing the presentation layer in&#13;<br><br>composite applications, such as mixing Web services and other data&#13;<br><br>sources, including enterprise applications and legacy systems.&#13;<br><br>&#13;<br><br>* Helping re-engineer business processes for rapid reaction to&#13;<br><br>business opportunities.&#13;<br><br>&#13;<br><br>* Moving application development from silo, departmental activity,&#13;<br><br>to a Web-based one with greater potential for reuse. For example, an&#13;<br><br>internal Software-as-a-Service model.&#13;<br><br>&#13;<br><br>* New security risks related to RWA that need addressing.&#13;<br><br>&#13;<br><br>The drivers behind consumer-led Web 2.0 are also relevant to&#13;<br><br>businesses: these concepts are being transferred to what is called&#13;<br><br>'Enterprise Web 2.0'. Table 1 shows the distinguishing&#13;<br><br>features of Web 2.0, compared with the first wave of Web development,&#13;<br><br>and these include:&#13;<br><br>&#13;<br><br>* Multimedia content in contrast with document-centric HyperText&#13;<br><br>Markup Language (HTML).&#13;<br><br>&#13;<br><br>* Facilities for users to upload as well as download; for example,&#13;<br><br>the growth of Flickr, Friends Reunited, MySpace, Wikipedia, and YouTube&#13;<br><br>are all due to user-added content.&#13;<br><br>&#13;<br><br>* The Internet becomes the 'platform' with mashups that&#13;<br><br>combine Web services to create new applications; for example, Bikely&#13;<br><br>mashes Google maps to help plan bicycle routes, and Zillow mashes maps&#13;<br><br>and real-estate information.&#13;<br><br>&#13;<br><br>* Applications are no longer constrained by HTML and single-channel&#13;<br><br>response/request; with RIAs a second channel can be used to work in the&#13;<br><br>background, managing data more efficiently between client and server,&#13;<br><br>while the user interacts with the UI.&#13;<br><br>&#13;<br><br>* Web 2.0 allows a Web strategy to go beyond simply exploiting&#13;<br><br>reach; now Web services and Web applications can be used in unforeseen&#13;<br><br>ways, leading to emergent value.&#13;<br><br>&#13;<br><br>The move within enterprises to SOA and internal Web services&#13;<br><br>creates opportunities for Intranet mashups, exploiting reuse to good&#13;<br><br>effect and allowing business power users to rapidly respond to business&#13;<br><br>opportunities. With Enterprise Web 2.0, power users can transform and&#13;<br><br>re-combine internal business processes in new ways.&#13;<br><br>&#13;<br><br><object width="400" height="241"><param name="movie" value=""></param><param name="allowFullScreen" value="true"></param><param name="allowscriptaccess" value="always"></param><embed src="" type="application/x-shockwave-flash" allowscriptaccess="always" allowfullscreen="true" width="400" height="241"></embed></object><br><br>The use of RWA is already evident within the IT industry as, for&#13;<br><br>example, Business Intelligence vendors provide the option of Web access&#13;<br><br>to applications with rich UIs. RWA also improves the SaaS proposition,&#13;<br><br>as application interfaces become comparable to those on the desktop;&#13;<br><br>Butler Group expects to see SaaS adoption increase as a result. SaaS is&#13;<br><br>a software delivery model where the provider offers a hosted application&#13;<br><br>across the Internet. Customers access the application using a Web&#13;<br><br>interface and pay for usage according to various licensing models: per&#13;<br><br>instance use, per allocated time, or on a subscription basis. The use of&#13;<br><br>RWA for the UI offers a considerable way to improve the user experience,&#13;<br><br>making SaaS a more attractive proposition.&#13;<br><br>&#13;<br><br>The concept of mixing Web services, or mashups, is also an&#13;<br><br>important part of Web 2.0; for example, geo-mapping information is&#13;<br><br>combined with other specialist information to create a new service (e.g.&#13;<br><br> combines Google maps and Craigs List rented&#13;<br><br>accommodation information to visually show rental availability).&#13;<br><br>&#13;<br><br>However, addressing security is important if these types of&#13;<br><br>applications are to succeed. Businesses need to implement separate&#13;<br><br>policies for Internet and Intranet RWA; Internet exposure of Web&#13;<br><br>services should not take place without strong security and governance in&#13;<br><br>place.&#13;<br><br>&#13;<br><br>Technology Issues&#13;<br><br>&#13;<br><br>Software application development is currently going through a&#13;<br><br>transition, extending the most common architecture of multi-tier&#13;<br><br>client/server, to composite applications and RIA. Of course the idea of&#13;<br><br>'client-side' and 'server-side' remains unchanged in&#13;<br><br>RIA, but the distinction is that traditional client/server systems are&#13;<br><br>separated by Local Area Networks and/or Wide Area Networks, whereas with&#13;<br><br>RIA the Transmission Control Protocol/Internet Protocol (TCP/IP)&#13;<br><br>protocol is used, whether on the Internet or Intranet. Composite&#13;<br><br>applications are built from components, objects, and Web services within&#13;<br><br>a loosely-coupled, standardised application environment created by SOA.&#13;<br><br>RIAs provide a natural presentation layer for applications built within&#13;<br><br>SOA.&#13;<br><br>&#13;<br><br>The types of RIA fall into three main categories: browser-based&#13;<br><br>with no plug-ins; browser-based with plug-ins; and out-of-browser.&#13;<br><br>Butler Group uses the term 'RWAs' to refer to browser-based&#13;<br><br>RIAs. The open literature uses RIA and RWA interchangeably in an unclear&#13;<br><br>manner without distinguishing the possibility for non-Web-related&#13;<br><br>protocols that could be used on TCP/IP. However, the market at the&#13;<br><br>moment is active mainly with RWA.&#13;<br><br>&#13;<br><br>Browser-based Applications&#13;<br><br>&#13;<br><br>Browser-based applications connect to the World Wide Web (Web)&#13;<br><br>using the Hypertext Transfer Protocol (HTTP). Most Internet activity&#13;<br><br>today revolves around Web sites and Web applications. RWAs using Ajax&#13;<br><br>render the presentation in HTML within the browser. Although such&#13;<br><br>applications are rich in the UI interaction, they are limited in&#13;<br><br>richness of multimedia content.&#13;<br><br>&#13;<br><br>Browser Plug-ins&#13;<br><br>&#13;<br><br>Browser plug-ins enhance the functionality available in the browser&#13;<br><br>and especially so for multimedia content; examples are Adobe Flash, Java&#13;<br><br>Runtime Engine and Applets, and Microsoft Silverlight.&#13;<br><br>&#13;<br><br>Out-of-browser RIA&#13;<br><br>&#13;<br><br>The third category of RIA takes the application out of the browser.&#13;<br><br>It is possible to build applications that connect via the Internet&#13;<br><br>outside the browser using a number of protocols, not just HTTP (the Web&#13;<br><br>protocol), and for custom, in-house applications this is an option to be&#13;<br><br>considered. There is another mode of use where applications can be taken&#13;<br><br>off-line when the user is away from an Internet connectionfor example,&#13;<br><br>when working in the field with a customerand then re-connect later to&#13;<br><br>synchronise with the back-end.&#13;<br><br>&#13;<br><br><img src="" width="371" /><br><br>Some of the benefits of working with RIA, explored in greater depth&#13;<br><br>in this Report, include:&#13;<br><br>&#13;<br><br>* Ease of application administration, maintenance, and update&#13;<br><br>through a centralised server-side point.&#13;<br><br>&#13;<br><br>* Ease of application delivery via Internet/Intranet.&#13;<br><br>&#13;<br><br>* Complements Web services, composite applications, and SOA.&#13;<br><br>&#13;<br><br>* Encourages reuse through a clear separation of presentation&#13;<br><br>layer, business logic, and data model.&#13;<br><br>&#13;<br><br>* Makes it easy to create a single application with multiple&#13;<br><br>presentation client-sides: mobile devices or fixed machines.&#13;<br><br>&#13;<br><br>* Reduces spread of application viruses through centralised control&#13;<br><br>of application on the server-side.&#13;<br><br>&#13;<br><br>* Can cater for a range of thin to fat options on the client-side.&#13;<br><br>&#13;<br><br>The versatility that RIAs provide, when combined with other trends&#13;<br><br>in the IT infrastructure (such as SOA), will lead to a point, in Butler&#13;<br><br>Group's opinion, when RIA will become the default mode of&#13;<br><br>application delivery.&#13;<br><br>&#13;<br><br>An issue of paramount importance is security. However, with RIA the&#13;<br><br>onus has shifted back to the client-side, but this time to the&#13;<br><br>application itself. In particular, Ajax-based RIAs introduce new attack&#13;<br><br>possibilities through the use of malicious JavaScriptthis is not a&#13;<br><br>weakness of JavaScript or a problem inherent in Ajax, it is simply that&#13;<br><br>browsers were built for a simpler, more constrained display of&#13;<br><br>information, and writing secure RIA is difficult for new programmers.&#13;<br><br>There are guidelines being published to help educate developers, and&#13;<br><br>advanced Ajax frameworks also remove this threat by being built with&#13;<br><br>security in mind. The other types of RIA also have robust security,&#13;<br><br>including those based on Adobe Flash, the Java platform, and Microsoft&#13;<br><br>.NET.&#13;<br><br>&#13;<br><br>Butler Group advocates creating separate Web services and RIA&#13;<br><br>policies for Intranet and Internet use; in particular, internally&#13;<br><br>created Web services must not be accessed from the Internet without&#13;<br><br>first passing through internal governance controls. The idea that&#13;<br><br>Enterprise 2.0 mashups can be created by combining external Web services&#13;<br><br>with internal ones is too early and currently unsafe.&#13;<br><br>&#13;<br><br>Market Issues&#13;<br><br>&#13;<br><br>The types of RIA vendors can be categorised as follows:&#13;<br><br>&#13;<br><br>* Ajax toolkits and widget libraries: There are both open source&#13;<br><br>software and commercially-priced examples. This category will be used by&#13;<br><br>developers wishing to build RIA from the ground up as custom software.&#13;<br><br>For general business use, this category is not relevant.&#13;<br><br>&#13;<br><br>* Pure Ajax frameworks with light client-side footprints: In this&#13;<br><br>category there are advanced Ajax frameworks that manage the&#13;<br><br>communication between user interaction and widgets and application state&#13;<br><br>synchronisation between the client- and server- sides. They also provide&#13;<br><br>robust security measures, have compatible widget libraries&#13;<br><br>out-of-the-box, and provide their own Integrated Development&#13;<br><br>Environments (IDEs) or RIA builder plug-ins to standard IDEs.&#13;<br><br>&#13;<br><br>* RIA with browser plug-ins: Whereas Ajax renders in HTML, a&#13;<br><br>browser plug-in can provide a container for the rendering of advanced&#13;<br><br>formats such as vector graphics. Examples are Adobe Flash player, Java&#13;<br><br>Applets, and Microsoft Silverlight.&#13;<br><br>&#13;<br><br>* RIA with heavy client-side application platforms: Applications&#13;<br><br>built with the Java platform or Microsoft .NET Framework on the&#13;<br><br>client-side fall into this category. These applications can connect to&#13;<br><br><img src="" width="307" /><br><br>servers using the Internet outside the browser or combine with Ajax and&#13;<br><br>use the browser.&#13;<br><br>&#13;<br><br>* End-to-end application development environments: Whereas the&#13;<br><br>other categories are tools designed for programmers, there are&#13;<br><br>end-to-end development environments with advanced Graphical User&#13;<br><br>Interface (GUI) drag-and-drop facilities for creating RIA. These tools&#13;<br><br>can be used by power users, domain experts, and business analysts with&#13;<br><br>limited programming skills.&#13;<br><br>&#13;<br><br>* Rest of the market: A number of proprietary RIA solutions are&#13;<br><br>still available (such as Curl), but given the move towards open&#13;<br><br>standards, it is unlikely they will grow; rather we expect decrease in&#13;<br><br>market share. Butler Group expects RIA vendor rationalisation to take&#13;<br><br>place as market adoption increases. The greatest market adoption in RIA&#13;<br><br>is currently in RWA, which is past the early adopter stage and into the&#13;<br><br>early majority. The chief market trend in RWA is for existing Web&#13;<br><br>development tools to add their own Ajax capability.&#13;<br><br>&#13;<br><br>The larger vendors, such as Adobe, Microsoft, and TIBCO, are&#13;<br><br>appealing to the developer mass market and offer free tools to grow the&#13;<br><br>market for their premium, enterprise products. Sun is also appealing to&#13;<br><br>the developer community by providing its tools as open source in order&#13;<br><br>to grow the Java platform. IBM supports open source Eclipse and many Web&#13;<br><br>2.0 projects, including the DoJo Ajax toolkit provider. We believe it&#13;<br><br>likely that IBM will make an acquisition in this space.&#13;<br><br>&#13;<br><br>Smaller players have a more business-focused, go-to-market&#13;<br><br>strategy, appealing to business needs rather than the IT department.&#13;<br><br>Opportunities occur in the Small- to Medium-sized Enterprise (SME)&#13;<br><br>market and at departmental levels within large organisations, where&#13;<br><br>providing a solution that encompasses business requirements gathering,&#13;<br><br>development processes and Agile methodologies, and with supporting&#13;<br><br>development tools, will prove to be attractive.&#13;<br><br>&#13;<br><br>The end-to-end, Web-based application development tool providers,&#13;<br><br>notably edge IPK and OutSystems, enable power users and business&#13;<br><br>analysts to create applications. For the right customer and business&#13;<br><br>requirements these tools make a good choice.&#13;<br><br>&#13;<br><br>The toolkit projectsmany that are open source and appearing in&#13;<br><br>our Vendor Profiles, in Section 8—are mainly aimed at the mass&#13;<br><br>developer market and also feed into higher-value frameworks.&#13;<br><br>&#13;<br><br>Conclusion As the Internet progresses in its transition from a&#13;<br><br>'technology' to part of the everyday fabric of society, then&#13;<br><br>more business services and applications will be based on its presence.&#13;<br><br>To be part of this trend, businesses need tostart an internal RWA&#13;<br><br>investigation, if they have not already done so, to understand the&#13;<br><br>skills they require and which applications they need to build. This&#13;<br><br>Report will help in selecting the right technology, implementing the&#13;<br><br>right roll-out strategy, and choosing an appropriate RWA development&#13;<br><br>tool or tools.&#13;<br><br>&#13;<br><br>;<br><br>&#13;<br><br>&#13;<br><br>Table 1.&#13;<br><br>&#13;<br><br>Table 1: Characterising Web 2.0&#13;<br><br>&#13;<br><br>Web 1.0 Web 2.0&#13;<br><br>&#13;<br><br>User Interface HTML Rich, multimedia&#13;<br><br>Data User Consumes User creates and consumes&#13;<br><br>Platform Server-side The whole Web&#13;<br><br>Applications Constrained Web services, mashups, RIAs&#13;<br><br>Strategy Reach Self-service, self-organised, emergent&#13;<br><br>value&#13;<br><br>&#13;<br><br>Source: Butler Group&#13;<br><br>DATAMONITOR&#13;<br><br><a href=''></a>[[/html]] - Comments: 0

Learn to Develop with Microsoft Developer Network - 24 Oct 2016 17:06


[[html]]We're sorry. The content you requested has been removed. You'll be auto redirected in 1 second.<br><br><img style="float:right;margin:10px;border:none;" src="" width="334" /><br><br><img src="" width="288" /><br><br><object width="400" height="241"><param name="movie" value=""></param><param name="allowFullScreen" value="true"></param><param name="allowscriptaccess" value="always"></param><embed src="" type="application/x-shockwave-flash" allowscriptaccess="always" allowfullscreen="true" width="400" height="241"></embed></object><br><br><object width="400" height="241"><param name="movie" value=""></param><param name="allowFullScreen" value="true"></param><param name="allowscriptaccess" value="always"></param><embed src="" type="application/x-shockwave-flash" allowscriptaccess="always" allowfullscreen="true" width="400" height="241"></embed></object>[[/html]] - Comments: 0

Free Articles for Reprint. Free Articles for your web site and newsletters. Submit Your Articles to Our Articles Directory. - 23 Oct 2016 02:41


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England batsman Trott on anxiety in cricket - 19 Oct 2016 19:44


[[html]]');if (Modernizr &amp;&amp; ! $owlFirstItem.find('.mediaicon').hide();NN.Videx.Metadata.init(dateCreated: videocardContents.dateCreated,descriptionText: videocardContents.descriptionText,duration: videocardContents.duration,sourceLink: videocardContents.sourceLink,sourceName: videocardContents.sourceName,title: videocardContents.headlineText,videoCollectionDivId: 'cn-1agrzuy',videoDescriptionDivId: 'js-video_description-1agrzuy',videoDurationDivId: 'js-video_duration-1agrzuy',videoTitleDivId: 'js-leaf-video_headline-1agrzuy');if (CNN.Utils.exists(videocardContents.showName)) if (CNN.Utils.exists(videocardContents.showUrl)) showDetailsSpanContent = '' + videocardContents.showName + ' else showDetailsSpanContent = videocardContents.showName + ' fastdom.measure(function getShowInfo() var $show = jQuery('.metadatashow'),$isShowDetailsSpanExists = $show.find('span').hasClass('metadatashowname'),$showName = jQuery('.metadatashowname');fastdom.mutate(function updateShowInfo() if (!$isShowDetailsSpanExists) $show.prepend('' + showDetailsSpanContent + ''); else $showName.html(showDetailsSpanContent);););if (typeof (history) !== 'undefined' &amp;&amp; typeof (history.replaceState) !== 'undefined') history.replaceState('', '', videocardContents.url);document.title = videocardContents.headlineText ? decodeURI(videocardContents.headlineText) : '';unction getCurrentVideoCardContents(currentVideoId) {var containerContents = ["branding":"","cardContents":"auxiliaryText":"","bannerText":"","bannerPosition":"","brandingLink":"","brandingImageUrl":"","brandingTextHead":"","brandingTextSub":"","cardSectionName":"sports","contentType":"","cta":"share","descriptionText":["Former England cricketer Jonathan Trott talks to CNN's Alex Thomas about his struggle with anxiety and England's series in Bangladesh."],"descriptionPlainText":"Former England cricketer Jonathan Trott talks to CNN's Alex Thomas about his struggle with anxiety and England's series in Bangladesh.","headlinePostText":"","headlinePreText":"","headlineText":"England batsman Trott on anxiety in cricket","headlinePlainText":"England batsman Trott on anxiety in cricket","iconImageUrl":"","iconType":"video","isMobileBannerText":false,"kickerText":"","maximizedBannerSize":"","media":"contentType":"image","type":"element","cutFormat":"16:9","elementContents":"caption":"BIRMINGHAM, UNITED KINGDOM-APRIL 28: Warwickshire batsman Jonathan Trott raises his bat after reaching his century during the third day of the Liverpool and Victoria Cricket County Championship Division One match between Warwickshire and Yorkshire at Edgbaston on April 28, 2006 in Birmingham, England. 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&amp;&amp; ! &amp;&amp; !Modernizr.tablet) if (typeof videoPinner !== 'undefined' &amp;&amp; videoPinner !== null) videoPinner.setIsPlaying(true);videoPinner.handleOnVideoPlay();videoPinner.animateDown();,onAdEnd: function (containerId, cvpId, token, mode, id, blockId, adType) /* Add VisualRevenue event on video ad stop */if (Array.isArray(window._vrq)) window._vrq.push(['video', 'adstop',]);,onContentPlay: function (containerId, cvpId, contentId) null,prevVideoId = (window.jsmd &amp;&amp; window.jsmd.v &amp;&amp; (window.jsmd.v.eVar18 ,onContentReplayRequest: function (containerId, cvpId, contentId) if (Modernizr &amp;&amp; ! &amp;&amp; ! &amp;&amp; !Modernizr.tablet) if (typeof videoPinner !== 'undefined' &amp;&amp; videoPinner !== null) videoPinner.setIsPlaying(true);var $endSlate = jQuery(document.getElementById(containerId)).parent().find('.js-videoend-slate').eq(0);if ($endSlate.length &gt; 0) $endSlate.removeClass('videoend-slateactive').addClass('videoend-slate—inactive');,onContentMetadata: function (containerId, playerId, metadata, contentId, duration, width, height) if (typeof metadata === 'string' &amp;&amp; metadata.length &gt; 0) try CNN.Videx.EmbedButton.updateCode(JSON.parse(metadata)); catch (e) console.log('Invalid video metadata JSON.');,onContentBegin: function (containerId, cvpId, contentId) /** Before the video ad starts, the freewheel companion ad* html needs to be placed on the page so that it can be* triggered by Freewheel to display the companion ad.* onContentBegin triggers updateCompanionLayout which* handles the logic to switch from epic to companion ads*/if (CNN.companion &amp;&amp; typeof CNN.companion.updateCompanionLayout === 'function') CNN.companion.updateCompanionLayout('removeEpicAds');CNN.companion.updateCompanionLayout('restoreFreewheel');clearTimeout(moveToNextTimeout);updateCurrentlyPlaying(contentId);jQuery(document).triggerVideoContentStarted();,onContentComplete: function (containerId, cvpId, contentId) navigateToNextVideo(contentId);,onContentEnd: function (containerId, cvpId, contentId) /* Add VisualRevenue event on video end */if (Array.isArray(window._vrq)) window._vrq.push(['video', 'stop',]);/** When the video content ends playing, remove the epic ad* and prepare the freewheel companion ad for the next video*/if (CNN.companion &amp;&amp; typeof CNN.companion.updateCompanionLayout === 'function') CNN.companion.updateCompanionLayout('removeEpicAds');CNN.companion.updateCompanionLayout('restoreFreewheel');navigateToNextVideo(contentId);if (Modernizr &amp;&amp; ! &amp;&amp; ! &amp;&amp; !Modernizr.tablet) if (typeof videoPinner !== 'undefined' &amp;&amp; videoPinner !== null) videoPinner.setIsPlaying(false);,onCVPVisibilityChange: function (containerId, cvpId, visible) CNN.VideoPlayer.handleAdOnCVPVisibilityChange(containerId, visible);;if (typeof configObj.context !== 'string' || configObj.context.length JUST WATCHEDEngland batsman Trott on anxiety in cricketMUST WATCHEngland batsman Trott on anxiety in cricket<br><br>Former England cricketer Jonathan Trott talks to CNN's Alex Thomas about his struggle with anxiety and England's series in Bangladesh.<br><br><img style="float:left;margin:10px;border:none;" src="" width="400" /><br><br>Source: CNN<br><br>[[/html]] - Comments: 0

Internet :: Fieldrunner iPhone Application - 14 Oct 2016 22:19


[[html]]Fieldrunner is a fun and challenging game that does full justice to the touch screen technology of iPhone. With extremely easy game control, powerful graphics and impressive animation, Fieldrunner has become one of the most talked about games that has been developed exclusively for the iPhone. The game belongs to the genre of "tower defense", a very well-known term in the field of video games. <br><br>You can get the Fieldrunner iPhone application launched directly on your iPhone from the iTunes App Store. This paid iPhone application has ranked among the top 10 Video Games of 2008, declared by the TIME Magazine. The game is entertaining, action packed and addictive and can keep you engaged for hours. <br><br>Wide range of exciting features<br><br>The main objective of the Fieldrunner game is to strategically build tower defenses and prevent enemies to cross the field and get into the headquarters. The application offers you varied range of outstanding actions and features that would help you to stop the enemies. The Fieldrunner application currently features 1 map and 4 different types of weapons. <br><br>You can stop your enemies by constructing a maze of different types of towers with different abilities. The function of the Galting Gun is to shoot bullets, whereas the Missile Tower shoots long range missiles. The Tesla Tower on the other hand allows you to hit your enemies with a lightning and burn them before they can reach your army base. You can construct Goo Towers to slow down the approaching enemy troupe. The tricky and challenging part of Fieldrunner is that, to build these towers, you need to spend the money you have on your game account. In order to have more money in your account, you need to kill as many enemies as possible. <br><br>Your main challenge is to build towers strategically and make sure that you know exactly which tower would help you to prevent the next wave of enemies. The application gets tougher with each level. The enemy troupes become more and more aggressive, which make your moves more difficult. Some of the enemies are on their foot, some are on wheels and others fly. Each of the enemies are more or less susceptible to the different types of towers featured in the game. <br><br><img src="" width="353" /><br><br>Playing Fieldrunner<br><br>Playing Fieldrunner on your iPhone is extremely easy and comfortable. The application developers have fully utilized the touch screen technology of the device while designing this awesome game. You can zoom and zoom out any area of the battlefield by simply making the pinching gesture. You can move and construct tower by touching and dragging. Tapping the towers with your finger will enable you to shoot and attack the enemies. <br><br>The more polished and upgraded version of the Fieldrunner iPhone application offers some extra features like music and sound effects, endless game modes, new maps, more enemies and a lot more. <br><br>With the application featured on your iPhone App Store, you can now enjoy every bit of the exciting and addictive game of Fieldrunner, no matter wherever you are.<br><br>&#13;<br><br>[[/html]] - Comments: 0

How To Choose The Best Web Application Programming Service - 10 Oct 2016 00:56


[[html]]Are you having problems moving business functions and services from your physical offices to the Internet? For most small and medium sized enterprises, starting a fully functioning business website and e-commerce portal can be very challenging indeed. The tasks of establishing an online business require the skills of web application programming experts. Sadly, hiring in-house IT professionals is not a viable option for most businesses. The best that you can do is to get the services of web development services in Vancouver. A Vancouver online store ecommerce and web development service can greatly help you in setting up a customized website where your business functions, products, and services can be hosted. <br><br>There are lots of advantages if you have a Vancouver online store ecommerce website. For one thing, your business will be able to reach millions of new customers not just in Vancouver but throughout the world. Being able to establish a global business will definitely boost your customer base. This will have a very good impact on the profitability and long term viability of your business. That is why it is very important to consider hiring a web application programming service. The service could definitely push your business into the 21st century. Most importantly, you will get a very high return on your investment because your online ecommerce store and business web applications will surely boost your global sales in just a short period. <br><br>But how can you choose the best Vancouver online store ecommerce provider? Well, it is true that choosing top notch web application programming company is a bit tricky. So here are some of the qualities of an excellent web development team that you should be looking for. First, make sure that you are dealing with a company that has plenty of experience in web design and development. In this kind of business, experience counts a lot. The company that will develop your website and applications should have a firm grasp of the latest technology in web programming and design. They should be able to support the development all the way to the implementation stages. If the development team has scant experience in the business, then there is a good chance that serious problems may occur during the development and implementation stages. <br><br>The best web application programming service should be able to create and build customized solutions for you. It is not uncommon to find a development team that will offer you off-the shelf ecommerce and web application solutions. Well, there is nothing wrong with off-the shelf solutions. However, these models may not suit the needs and the unique functions of your business. That is why if you are going to hire a Vancouver online store ecommerce development team, make sure that it has the capability to custom fit the applications based on your particular needs. This is the best approach to establish an online business and the development company must satisfy this requirement. So the next time you look for web development service, make sure that it has the right experience and it is capable of developing custom web applications.<br><br>By: Catalina C.<br><br>Article Directory:<br><br>For the best Vancouver online store ecommerce , visit our website today and take advantage of our customized web application programming services that will take your business to the next level.[[/html]] - Comments: 0

What Is Web 2.0? - CBS News - 05 Oct 2016 03:31


[[html]]In 1984, Sun Microsystems co-founder John Gage coined the phrase "the network is the computer" to describe his vision for the future of information technology. This was a bold statement at the time, because it anticipated a future in which data networks would be powerful enough to supplant mainframes and desktop PCs as a primary IT resource.<br><br>Fast-forward to the present: Though it's taken more than two decades for the prediction to come true, Web 2.0 is at last turning the network into a vibrant computing platform. Today's Web-based applications are fast and dynamic, and they behave much like software applications installed on desktop computers. For example, Google Spreadsheets is a spreadsheet tool that works much like Microsoft Excel, with three big differences: It's Web-based, so users don't need to download or install any software; it's collaborative, so multiple users can work on one spreadsheet at the same time; and (best of all) it's free.<br><br>In a Web 2.0 world, instead of merely reading a newsletter, for example, you might begin to publish one of your own. If you're frustrated by the way your current software compiles data, Web 2.0 services can make it easier to display the data in a different way. Having versioning problems with shared documents? Web 2.0 allows groups of people to work on a document or spreadsheet simultaneously, while in the background a computer keeps track of who made what changes where and when.<br><br>Still confused? This clever video explains what makes Web 2.0 different from Web 1.0.<br><br>All of this has major implications for the future of information technology and personal communications. Web 2.0 creates new ways for large groups of people to collaborate and exchange information while reducing the importance of the PC itself as an information-delivery platform. When both the applications and the data that feed into them reside online, a variety of devices can function as information terminals: your smart phone, your music player, the computer you use today, and whatever computer you'll use next year. Web 2.0 not only makes all this possible, it also makes it inexpensive and easy to deploy.<br><br>Why It Matters to You<br><br>Although many of the most famous Web 2.0 tools are consumer applications — YouTube, Flickr, and MySpace come quickly to mind — there are two main reasons why Web 2.0 is relevant to business people.<br><br>The first has to do with reducing the costs associated with traditional enterprise applications. As any IT manager will tell you, it's expensive to install, configure, maintain, and upgrade essential software on personal computers and company servers — and even more so if you have lots of employees with lots of different computing needs. Web 2.0 tools eliminate much of this hassle and expense because Web 2.0 applications reside on servers maintained by the vendors themselves.<br><br>Web 2.0 is also changing the way information is created, used, shared, and manipulated. Thanks in part to Web 2.0 technologies, the barriers between a corporation (including its CEO, board, managers, and employees) and the consumer have never been so thin. Taking advantage of this reality will require a major attitude shift on the part of many companies and the people who run them. Hierarchy and direct control are giving way to notions of collaboration, creativity, transparency, and mass participation, and the effects of this change are just beginning to make themselves felt.<br><br>Web 2.0 offers many potential benefits for the business world — but it's a different world indeed. For example, in 2006, General Motors invited consumers to create their own commercials for the Chevrolet Tahoe SUV, using GM-supplied video and the creators' choice of music and text. The effort generated plenty of online traffic, plenty of buzz, and (as might have been expected) plenty of commercials that GM wished had never seen the light of day. But compared to a traditional ad campaign, the effort was inexpensive, it exposed the Chevy Tahoe to a new audience, and it worked — sales of the vehicle were strong compared to the same period the year before.<br><br>The Strong Points<br><br>Philosophically, Web 2.0 is all about simplicity. Practically, it decouples computing from stand-alone computers — a shift that dramatically reduces software deployment and administrative costs. It uses common software protocols to foster the free exchange of information between different tools and groups of users (minimizing the "silo" effect created when data becomes trapped inside a single technology platform or functional group). Lastly, because it encourages large-scale collaboration, Web 2.0 facilitates new forms of problem-solving that can provide business managers with valuable ideas and insights.<br><br>The Weak Spots<br><br>The hype surrounding Web 2.0 can be off-putting — and confusing. Some veteran technologists even argue that Web 2.0 is little more than a catchy new name for a cluster of technologies that have been around for quite some time.<br><br>Both of these criticisms are relevant to any manager who is evaluating Web 2.0 services for use inside your company. The fuzzy nature of the term means that some vendors will tout themselves as being "Web 2.0," just to get attention — regardless of the extent to which their offering really is dynamic, interactive, or built around accepted Web 2.0 protocols. Meanwhile, the influx of venture capital means that more and more Web 2.0 startups are entering the marketplace — and not all of them will survive. Before making any substantial investment in a Web 2.0-based tool, do your due diligence to assess the risks and minimize your company's exposure to unpleasant surprises.<br><br>Key Players<br><br>Michael Arrington: Just as restaurants, movie producers, and musicians keep an eye on what the critics have to say, so, too, do Web 2.0 startups. No one's word carries more weight than that of Arrington, who publishes his thoughts on his TechCrunch blog.<br><br>Mark Benioff: The founder and CEO of, Benioff was touting the benefits of his company's Web-based customer relationship management (CRM) tools years before the phrase "Web 2.0" was invented. Thanks in part to Benioff's talent for marketing and self-promotion, is credited with having fatally undermined the business model of Siebel, one of its former rivals.<br><br>Tim O'Reilly: The founder of tech publisher O'Reilly Media and a respected industry visionary, O'Reilly helped coin the term "Web 2.0" in 2004 and he's still considered a leading thinker on the subject. O'Reilly's most recent definition of Web 2.0 describes it as "the business revolution in the computer industry caused by the move to the Internet as platform, and an attempt to understand the rules for success on that new platform. Chief among those rules is this: Build applications that harness network effects to get better the more people use them."<br><br>Venture capitalists: Much of the most interesting activity in Web 2.0 development comes from entrepreneurial startups, and these are usually funded by VC investment. In 2006, the most active investors in Web 2.0 startups were Benchmark Capital, Draper Fisher Jurvetson, Sequoia Capital, and Omidyar Network, according to VentureOne.<br><br>How to Talk About It<br><br>Apart from the concept itself, some specific Web 2.0 technologies are also important to understand. These include:<br><br>AJAX: An acronym derived from "Asynchronous JavaScript and XML." AJAX is an important underlying technology used to create interactive Web applications. Ajax is what enables Web 2.0 sites to behave dynamically, so that they feel more like computer programs than static web pages. Like the way Google Maps lets you drag elements across the page? That's AJAX in action. <br><br><img style="float:left;margin:10px;border:none;" src="" width="303" /><br><br>Atom: A format for the syndication of online content, atom functions as a newer alternative to RSS (described below). <br><br>Blog: Originally derived from the word "weblog," a blog is a simple content website created with inexpensive self-publishing tools. Blogs are the backbone of Web 2.0's democratic spirit. <br><br>Mashups: Websites or applications that combine content from one or more sources. For example, combines Google Maps with a database of 124,000 cell phone tower locations to help users determine where mobile coverage is strong — and where it isn't. <br><br>RSS: Shorthand for "Real Simple Syndication," RSS is a protocol that makes it easy for computer users to receive content from their favorite providers whenever the content is updated. Instead of having to remember to visit a website to read a favorite column, watch a video, or listen to an audio program, RSS lets a user subscribe to the content so it's delivered automatically. The flow of content the user receives is called an "RSS feed." <br><br>Social media: A generic term used to describe Web-based tools that harness the power of collaboration and group interaction. This can take many forms, from the personal web pages of MySpace to the virtual worlds of Second Life to the professional networking popular on LinkedIn. <br><br>Tags: User-generated keywords used to describe online content. Tags make it easier for both humans and search engines to find relevant and related information. <br><br>Wikis: A dynamic Web document that allows users to add, change, or edit the content displayed on the page. The user-created Wikipedia online encyclopedia is the most famous example.<br><br>XML: An abbreviation for "Extensible Markup Language," XML is a programming code for online data that preserves the structure and formatting of a digital document regardless of whatever application is used to read it. XML is an important enabling technology for RSS feeds (described above).<br><br>Additional Resources<br><br>"What Is Web 2.0": an influential 2005 blog post by Tim O'Reilly<br><br>All Things Web 2.0: Website with a directory of Web 2.0 services, categorized by function<br><br><img style="float:left;margin:10px;border:none;" src="" width="267" /><br><br>Go2Web20: Another useful Web 2.0 services directory, Go2Web20 also walks the talk by using Web 2.0 technologies such as AJAX and tagging<br><br>TechCrunch: Blog by Michael Arrington dedicated to profiling and reviewing Web 2.0 products and companies. <br><br>"Web 2.0 … The Machine is Us/ing Us": Video by Kansas State University professor Michael Wesch that cleverly illustrates how Web 2.0 continues the evolution of the Internet<br><br>&#13;<br><br>[[/html]] - Comments: 0

Obamacare Paper, Phone, Web Apps 'Stuck in the Same Queue,' Memos Note - 03 Oct 2016 13:06


[[html]]A series of internal Obama administration memos obtained exclusively by ABC News reveal for the first time how dysfunction with has upended the entire Affordable Care Act enrollment process, including applications by paper and phone that officials have been pushing as more reliable alternatives.<br><br>While President Obama and other top aides have publicly reassured frustrated consumers that they can bypass the troubled website and apply by phone in as little as 25 minutes, those working most closely with the rollout acknowledged privately that even the nonelectronic avenues would be no more efficient or guaranteed, the documents show.<br><br>"The same portal is used to determine eligibility no matter how the application is submitted (paper, online)," reads a Center for Consumer Information and Insurance Oversight memo from Oct. 11.<br><br>"The paper applications allow people to feel like they are moving forward in the process and provides another option," it says. "At the end of the day, we are all stuck in the same queue."<br><br>Initial Health Care Enrollment Won't Be What Administration Wanted <br><br>The documents show that officials decided reluctantly to encourage consumers to fill out paper applications to buy more time and tame mounting frustration with the website.<br><br>Initially, administrators of the enrollment process appeared wary of such a directive, knowing that it would not necessarily be faster and could be more labor-intensive for contractors processing the mail. But, ultimately, the memos show, officials decided to embrace paper applications to avoid losing the interest of potential enrollees.<br><br>"Navigators are seeing people very frustrated and walking away, so they are turning to paper applications to protect their reputations as people in the communities who can help," a memo from Oct. 15 noted, "even though the paper applications will not have a quicker result necessarily."<br><br>Only 6 People Signed Up for Health Care on the 1st Day <br><br>The documents - informal "war room notes" prepared daily by senior staff inside the Department of Health and Human Services - were turned over last week as part of a document request to the Republican-chaired House Oversight Committee, which is investigating the rocky rollout of the insurance portal.<br><br>On Oct. 21, as Obama promoted use of paper applications at a Rose Garden event, the memos show, official guidance went out to health insurance navigators to "use paper applications rather than go through the call center," a concerted strategy despite the fact that it promised to be no more smooth.<br><br>As of Oct. 18, Serco, one of the contractors tasked with facilitating the enrollment process, had received roughly 3,000 paper applications, according to the documents.<br><br>In testimony last week before the House Energy and Commerce Committee, HHS Secretary Kathleen Sebelius conceded that paper applications completed by mail or over the phone would face delays due to the website's technical glitches.<br><br>"They put the application into the site and get a determination," she said of Serco's handling of paper applications Oct. 30. "That's part of what the process is. So the site is part of the portal all the way through."<br><br><img style="float:right;margin:10px;border:none;" src="" width="343" /><br><br><img style="float:right;margin:10px;border:none;" src="" width="284" /><br><br>On the very same day, when access to was denied because of technical outages, Obama was on the stump promoting paper and phone applications as an easy alternative to the website.<br><br>"Ultimately, this website,, will be the easiest way to shop for and buy these new plans. But, look, there's no denying it, right now, the website is too slow, too many people have gotten stuck," Obama said at an event in Boston Oct. 30.<br><br>"In the meantime, you can still apply for coverage over the phone, or by mail, or in person," he said, "because those plans are waiting and you're still able to get the kind of affordable, reliable health insurance that's been out of reach for too many people for too long."<br><br>Senior administration officials say the President knew that those calling into the call centers and applying by mail would ultimately have to go through the very same troubled system as those going to, but that that the callers have the benefit of not having to deal with the website itself.<br><br>"The benefit of the call center is that in addition to a representative being able to enter your info directly to the website, he or she can fill out an application for you manually over the phone if the website is not working," the official told ABC News. "The reps then enter the application into system later. That's why we sent people to call centers why website was slow or, in the case of a few days last week, down entirely."<br><br><img src=""/><br><br>J. Scott Applewhite/AP Photo<br><br><a href=''></a><br><br>[[/html]] - Comments: 0

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